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Title:Computational modeling of a carbon nanotube-based DNA nanosensor
Authors:R. Kalantari-Nejad, M. Bahrami, H. Rafii-Tabar, I. Rungger, and Stefano Sanvito, 2010
Abstract: During the last decade the design of biosensors, based on quantum transport in one-dimensional nanostructures, has developed as an active area of research. Here we investigate the sensing capabilities of a DNA nanosensor, designed as a semiconductor single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) connected to two gold electrodes and functionalized with a DNA strand acting as a bio-receptor probe. In particular, we have considered both covalent and non-covalent bonding between the DNA probe and the SWCNT. The optimized atomic structure of the sensor is computed both before and after the receptor attaches itself to the target, which consists of another DNA strand. The sensor's electrical conductance and transmission coefficients are calculated at the equilibrium geometries via the non-equilibrium Green's function scheme combined with the density functional theory in the linear response limit. We demonstrate a sensing efficiency of 70% for the covalently bonded bio-receptor probe, which drops to about 19% for the non-covalently bonded one. These results suggest that a SWCNT may be a promising candidate for a bio-molecular FET sensor.
ICHEC Project:Development of a large scale ab initio electron transport simulation program
Publication:Nanotechnology, Volume 21, 445501
URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0957-4484/21/44/445501
Status: Published

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