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Title:First Principles Prediction of New Photocatalyst Materials with Visible Light Absorption and Improved Charge Separation: Surface Modification of Rutile TiO2 with Nanoclusters of MgO and Ga2O3
Authors:M. Nolan, 2012
Abstract: Titanium dioxide is an important and widely studied photocatalytic material, but to achieve photocatalytic activity under visible-light absorption, it needs to have a narrower band gap and reduced charge carrier recombination. First-principles simulations are presented in this paper to show that heterostructures of rutile TiO2 modified with nanoclusters of MgO and Ga2O3 will be new photocatalytically active materials in the UV (MgO-TiO2) and visible (Ga2O3–TiO2) regions of the solar spectrum. In particular, our investigations of a model of the excited state of the heterostructures demonstrate that upon light excitation electrons and holes can be separated onto the TiO2 surface and the metal oxide nanocluster, which will reduce charge recombination and improve photocatalytic activity. For MgO-modified TiO2, no significant band gap change is predicted, but for Ga2O3-modified TiO2, we predict a band gap change of up to 0.6 eV, which is sufficient to induce visible light absorption. Comparisons with unmodified TiO2 and other TiO2-based photocatalyst structures are presented.
ICHEC Project:EMOIN: Engineering Metal Oxide Interfaces
Publication:ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2012, 4 (11), pp 5863–5871
URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/am301516c
Keywords: photocatalyst; TiO2; DFT+U; visible-light absorption; surface modification; charge separation
Status: Published

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